Digital Mixing Console
The standards stay, but innovation never ends.
The pursuit of perfection is ongoing and will probably never end, but along the way Yamaha has introduced a number of innovations that have become industry standards offering performance and familiarity that discerning users continue to demand. By definition, ?standards? are best kept as they are. With evolutionary refinements, of course.
Yamaha CL series digital mixing consoles represent a new level of refinement. They offer an evolved experience in accessible mixing, plus sonic purity with sound shaping capabilities that will give the most imaginative engineer unprecedented creative freedom. The CL series embodies the leading standards in live sound in their most advanced, most expressive form.
- Touchscreen display
- Designed for use with RIO3224-D and RIO16085-D
- Stereo + Mono/LCR, 24 Mix + Matrix outputs
- 8 Omni inputs / 8 Omni outputs
- 3 MY-card slots
- Built in Dante interface
- Up to 8 Rio I/O units can be controlled and auto-configured from one CL console
- Control port for PC and/or Wi-Fi connection
- 5 in / 5 out GPI
- 8U Stereo Effects Rack, 16U GEQ Rack & 8U Premium Rack
- Nuendo Live and Dante Virtual oundcard license included
- 32 faders + 2 Master faders
- 72 mono + 8 stereo mixable channels (64 from Dante)
Used Yamaha Pro Audio
Yamaha Pro Audio, Inc. is a company which is part of the Yamaha Corporation group. It offers a complete line of beginner professional audio products for the live sound and sound reinforcement markets. It has a long history of introducing significant products for the professional audio market such as the PM-1000 modular mixing console, the REV1 and SPX90 digital signal processors, and the 01, 02R, PM1D, PM5D, QL5, M7CL, CL5, and PM10/7 Rivage digital mixing consoles.
Yamaha products have received the most nominations in the area of technical achievement in the TEC Foundation TEC Awards 20-year history.
The first PM mixer manufactured by Yamaha was the PM200. Introduced in 1972, it was a monaural mixer with unbalanced inputs and outputs.
The PM400 was an upgraded mixer with a stereo bus and balanced inputs and outputs.The Yamaha PM1000 mixing console was a significant product in the professional audio industry because of its many advanced features and reasonable price. Introduced in 1974 it incorporated many innovative features such as a modular design using channel strips and output strips, a 4 bus design, and an output matrix mixer. Because it was manufactured by an established company it was readily accepted in many audio industries including sound reinforcement, recording, and audio for video. It also established a reputation for being rugged in the often abusive environment of touring sound reinforcement.
The PM2000 featured a hard chassis construction for rigidity and durability on the road. "One of the tests we are still using is our 'flight case test'. During prototyping we order a custom flight case - not even a very sturdy one - and place the console in it. The flight case is stood on end, and then tipped over in both directions and allowed to fall to the floor. If the console powers up immediately and works flawless after that ordeal, then it passes the test." The PM3000 was the first mixer to use voltage-controlled amplifiers (VCAs) in a mixer designed specifically for sound reinforcement. It used a custom VCA design using discrete hybrid ICs The PM4000 introduced stereo auxiliary buses and fully parametric Equalization on the input channels.
The PM5000 was a hybrid analog mixer with a digital control system which provided scene recall. In 1999, Yamaha debuted a first of its kind, all digital large format console, The PM1D system. With scalable I/O configuration the total channel count could be brought up to 320 mic inputs. Though, to achieve this impressive channel count, the system required multiple modular I/O boxes along with separate Digital Signal Processor(DSP) racks, power supply racks, and computer system engines.
Yamaha's next desk, the PM5D did away with the external rack system, reducing the channel count to 48 mic pres, and requiring only an external power supply unit. The Yamaha PM5D-RH(remote head-amp) was all of the functionality of a PM5D in a 10 space rack that only required a PM5D-RH control surface. In 2007, Yamaha won a Technical Grammy for its NS-10 studio monitor, a speaker that dominated the mixing of pop and rock music throughout the world for at least 20 years. The speaker was inducted into the Mix magazine TECnology Hall of Fame in 2008. The M7CL and its successor, the CL series are both among Yamaha's more affordable line. The CL Series was first to incorporate the Dante protocol. In 2014, Yamaha announced the release of a new PM series digital console, the PM10 Rivage system, equipped with Rupert Neve Designed "Silk" modeling pre-amps.
Efficiency Rating: Level of sound output measured at a prescribed distance with a standard input power. Efficiency rating standard is 1 watt (2.83V at 8 ohms) at 1 meter over a specified frequency range and is measured in decibels.
Equalization: Loosely, any type of relative frequency adjustment. Specifically, the process of changing the frequency balance of an electrical signal to alter the acoustical output.
Equalizer: A component designed to alter the frequency balance of an audio signal. Equalizers may be graphic, parametric, or a combination of both.
Fade: A gradual increase in audio, i.e. a fade-up, or a gradual decrease in audio, i.e. a fade-down.
Feedback: The transmission of current or voltage from the output of a device back to the input, where it interacts with the input signal to modify operation of the device. Feedback is positive when it’s in phase with the input and negative when it's out of phase.
FM: Frequency Modulated.
Frequency: The number of cycles (vibrations) per second. In audio, audible frequencies commonly range from 20 to 20,000 cycles per second (Hz). In video, frequency is used to define the image resolution. Low-frequency video images depict large objects or images. Higher frequencies depict smaller objects (finer details.
Frequency Response: A measure of what frequencies can be reproduced and how accurately they are reproduced. A measurement of 20 to 20,000 Hz, 3dB means those frequencies between 20 and 20,000 Hz can be reproduced no more than 3 dB above or below a reference frequency level.
Full-Range: A speaker designed to reproduce the full range (20 Hz to 20 kHz) of audio frequencies.
Gain: Increase in level or amplitude.
Gooseneck: This refers to a microphone with a flexible neck that is most frequently attached to a podium or lectern. It is designed to allow the speaker to raise or lower the microphone to a suitable height.
Graphic Equalizer: A type of equalizer with sliding controls that creates a pattern representing a graph of the frequency-response changes. Raising sliders boosts the affected frequencies lowering sliders cuts (attenuates) the affected frequencies.
HDCP: High-Bandwidth Digital Content Protection. Created by Intel, HDCP is used with HDTV signals over DVI and HDMI connections and on D-Theater D-VHS recordings to prevent unauthorized duplication of copyright material.
HDR: Hard-Drive Recorder. Device that uses a computer hard drive to store compressed digital audio and video signals.
High Pass: A filter that passes high frequencies, and attenuates low frequencies. Same as low cut.
Hz: Hertz or cycles per second. Something that repeats a cycle once each second moves at a rate of 1 Hz.
Incue/Inq/In-Point: These words all refer to the initial few seconds of audio signifying the beginning of the production.
Integrated Amplifier: A combination preamp and amplifier.
Impedance: A measure of the impediment to the flow of alternating current, measured in ohms at a given frequency. Larger numbers mean higher resistance to current flow.
KHz: Kilohertz or one thousand Hz.
Lavaliere: A small microphone that attaches to clothing, allowing the speaker to have a hands-free presentation.
Line Array: A group of speakers that have been arrayed or ” built up” in the vertical or horizontal plane, which allow for a highly consistent sound field. A Line Array is perfect for medium to large audiences.
Line-Level (Low-Level): A level of electrical signals too low to make the average speaker move sufficiently. Amplifiers receive line-level signals and amplify them to speaker level.
lockout: The final words of a segment used to signify the production’s conclusion.
Low Pass: A filter that lets low frequencies go through but doesn’t let high frequencies go through. Same as high cut.
MHz: Megahertz, or 1 million Hz.
Midbass: The middle of the bass part of the frequency range, from approximately 50 to 100 Hz (upper bass would be from 100 to 200 Hz). Also used as a term for loudspeaker drivers designed to reproduce both bass and midrange frequencies.
Midrange: The middle of the audio frequency range. Also used as a term for loudspeaker drivers designed to reproduce this range.
Mixer: This is the unit in which audio signals are directed from. A mixer provides for both mic and line input combinations while allowing you to control one or more outputs.
MLP: Meridian Lossless Packing. Encoding format that is able to completely reconstruct the original signal at the receiving end. No information is lost or discarded, regardless of how trivial it might be. Used to encode six channels of high-resolution audio on DVD-A.
Mono: Monophonic sound. One channel.
MP3: MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3. Compression scheme used to transfer audio files via the Internet and store in portable players and digital audio servers.
Natural Sound (NATS): The nonverbal audio that occurs in a non-studio setting. NATS can be used to help characterize the setting.
Noise: An unwanted portion of a signal such as hiss, hum, whine, static, or buzzing.
Nonlinear Editing: Digital audio systems that allow for clips to be extracted without affecting the master recording.